Touchdown bezeichnet im American Football einen Gewinn von sechs Punkten, indem der Ball Andere Arten Punkte zu erzielen sind das Field Goal (drei Punkte), das Safety (zwei Punkte), der Extrapunkt nach einem Touchdown – Point. 1. Febr. Punkte gibt es, indem der Football in die gegnerische Endzone des Field Goal – 3 Punkte: Kann nach dem dritten Try kein First Down oder. Ein Field Goal (FG) bezeichnet im American Football bzw. Canadian Football einen Gewinn von drei Punkten durch die angreifende Mannschaft, indem der auf.
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In American football, where the goalpost is located at the back of the end zone above the end line , the ten yards of the end zone are added to the yard line distance at the spot of the hold.
Until the s, placekickers approached the ball straight on , with the toe making first contact with the ball. The technique of kicking the ball " soccer-style ", by approaching the ball at an angle and kicking it with the instep, was introduced by Hungarian -born kicker Pete Gogolak in the s.
The soccer-style kick gained popularity and was nearly universal by the late s; the last straight-on kicker in the NFL was Mark Moseley , who retired in If there is any time left in the half, the method of resuming play after a successful field goal varies between leagues.
If it misses to the posts' left it may be called "wide left" and "wide right" if it misses to the posts' right. A field goal attempt may be described as "short" if it does not have sufficient distance to go over the cross bar.
Some commentators will only describe a field goal attempt as being short if it appears to have been aimed correctly while others will describe an attempt appearing to lack both accuracy and distance as being both wide and short.
If a field goal attempt is missed and does not go out of bounds, a defensive player may catch the ball and return it, like a punt or kickoff. This type of play usually occurs during an extremely long field goal attempt due to the distance the defense must travel to reach the returner.
If there is a significant likelihood of a miss and the strategic game situation warrants it, the defense places a player downfield, in or near their end zone, to catch the ball.
The risk in this is that the return man may be tackled deep in his own territory, at a considerably worse position than he could have gotten by letting the ball go dead see below ; furthermore, should the returner fumble the ball, the kicking team can recover it and gain a new set of downs the advantage is that the kicking team is lined up very close together to stop kick blockers, and not spread across the field like a kickoff or punt team, and is therefore in poor position to defend the return.
Thus, teams will usually return a kick only towards the end of a half when the kick will be the final play or in a particularly desperate situation.
If a ball caroms off one of the goal posts or the crossbar, but lands in the field of play, the ball is considered dead and cannot be returned.
This is not the case in arena football , where large "rebound nets" surround the goal posts for the explicit purpose of keeping the ball in play.
However, if the ball caroms off one of the goal posts or the crossbar and continues into the goal, the score counts.
Situations where the defense does not return a missed field goal vary between leagues and levels of play:. Occasionally, the defense will succeed in blocking a field goal.
If a blocked field goal is in or behind the neutral zone, it is treated like a fumble and can be advanced by either team. Beyond the neutral zone, a blocked kick is treated like a punt and can be advanced only by the defense, unless a defensive player fumbles the ball, after which an offensive player can advance it.
In the early days of football, kicking was highly emphasized. In , the scoring system was devised, with field goals counting for 5 points, and touchdowns and conversions worth 4 apiece.
In , the touchdown was raised to 5 points while the conversion was lowered to 1 point. Field goals were devalued to 4 points in , and then to the modern 3 points in The touchdown was changed to 6 points in in American football; the Canadian game followed suit in The spot of the conversion has also changed through the years.
In , NCAA rules spotted the conversion at the 3-yard line, before moving it back to the 5-yard line in In , the spot was moved up to the 2-yard line, which the NFL had done until Canadian rules originally spotted the conversion at the 5-yard line, which remains closer than in the American code as the goalposts are at the front of the end zone.
In , to make conversion kicks harder, the NFL and CFL moved the spot of the kick to the 15 and yard lines, respectively.
In addition, the CFL moved the spot for a two-point conversion up to the 3-yard line to entice more teams to go for 2 points as opposed to one.
The goalposts were originally located on the goal line; this led to many injuries and sometimes interfered with play.
The NCAA moved the goal posts to the rear of the end zone in The NFL kept the post at the goal line until , when they were moved back to the rear of the end zone.
This was partly a result of the narrowed hashmark distance made in , which had made for easier field-goal angles. The Canadian game still has posts on the goal line.
The width of the goalposts and the hashmarks have also varied throughout the years. The NFL increased the height of the uprights above the crossbar to 20 feet 6.
In , they were raised five feet to 35 feet The "slingshot" goalpost, with a single post curving to support the crossbar, was invented by Jim Trimble and Joel Rottman in Montreal, Quebec , Canada.
The NFL had standardized the goalposts in and adopted the slingshot for the season;  the NCAA later adopted the same rule, but later allowed the use of "offset" goalposts, with two posts rather than one which were the norm prior to the invention of the "slingshot" goalposts.
Goalposts at the professional level today are sometimes equipped with a camera mounted to the stanchion immediately behind the center of the crossbar.
Since these cameras are both above and slightly behind the crossbar, a field goal attempt will be judged good if it strikes this equipment. In , the NCAA banned the kicking tee for field goals and extra points, requiring kicks from the ground.
During the NFL season, a record 90 field goals of 50 yards or longer were made. As recorded in Guinness World Records:.
The record for a field goal at any level is 69 yards. In the history of the NFL regular season, only 19 field goals have been made from at least 60 yards: All of the above kicks were successful with the use of a kicking tee, which was banned by the NCAA after the season.
The longest known drop-kicked field goal in college football was a yard kick from Pat O'Dea , an Australian kicker who played on the Wisconsin Badgers football team.
O'Dea's kick took place in a blizzard against Northwestern on November 15, The field goal was the final and winning play of the 81st Hardy Cup.
Field goal returns are rare in the NFL, since an attempt with sufficient distance that misses the uprights will automatically be dead.
Returns are possible when a field goal is short, but in that case returners will usually down the ball so as to scrimmage from the spot of the kick.
Normally, a return will only be attempted when there is not enough time left in the half to run a play from scrimmage.
Nevertheless, four field goals have been returned for at least yards in the 21st century:. Because the goalposts in Canadian football are on the goal line, and because downing the ball in the end zone results in the kicking team scoring a single point , field goal returns are much more common.
The longest missed field goal return in the CFL is total yards. Against the Montreal Alouettes on August 22, , the Toronto Argonauts ' Boyd Carter ran 15 yards, then threw a lateral to Dave Mann , who then returned it for the final yards.
Since the shortening of the end zones in the CFL in , a field goal has been returned for the maximum yards on four occasions: In NCAA college football, only five missed field goals returns for touchdowns have ever been returned yards or more: In U Sports football, like in the CFL, the longest possible missed field goal return is yards, and this has occurred three times.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about field goals in gridiron football. For field goals in rugby league and rugby union, see Field goal rugby.
For field goals in basketball, see Field goal basketball. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
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Listen to the words and spell through all three levels. Definition of field goal. Examples of field goal in a Sentence He kicked a yard field goal.
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